2:24 man justified by works, and not by faith only
Both Paul + James worked together to keep unity of the church (Acts 21:18) =/= disagreement over doctrine.
1. Pauline Writings
- Romans 3:28 + Ephesians 2:8 – 9 directed to new Christians > justification before God > faith = gift
- justification (salvation) cannot be earned by doing good works
- justification (salvation) = by accepting, through faith = work that Christ did on the cross
- No one can earn or win favour with God’s forgiveness <= offered only by God’s grace
- to work for salvation by obeying Law = only fail + become more convinced = he is a sinner
- => No one is able to make himself right. Only God can help him do that.
- Paul warns people about working to achieve a relationship with Christ <= Only faith can be tool bring that.
2. James’ Writings
- James coming from different pastoral position
- writing to those who are already Christians + becoming complacent in their walk
- justification before men, + faith should be genuine
- asserting when one is justified by faith =>new life will = complete change => result in an outpouring of works, worthy of Christ
- life of love + serving > molded > relationship with Christ => show that it is a true faith by demonstrating Christ’s love to other people => belief in Christ => an obedience of good works.
|Concerned with legalists who were striving for sanctification through the law – not through faith||Concerned with libertines who were content with sanctification through belief without action|
|A person who is justified before God through faith||A person is justified before men through his actions|
|Eternally justified through faith by grace||Justified through a daily walk by works reflecting Christ.|
- Working together both Paul and James are bringing out the harmony of the Word of God.
- We are saved by faith that then, if genuine should lead to the demonstration of that faith through good works.