2:24 man justified by works, and not by faith only
Both Paul + James worked together to keep unity of the church (Acts 21:18) =/= disagreement over doctrine.
1. Pauline Writings
- Romans 3:28 + Ephesians 2:8 – 9 directed to new Christians > justification before God > faith = gift
- justification (salvation) cannot be earned by doing good works
- justification (salvation) = by accepting, through faith = work that Christ did on the cross
- No one can earn or win favour with God’s forgiveness <= offered only by God’s grace
- to work for salvation by obeying Law = only fail + become more convinced = he is a sinner
- => No one is able to make himself right. Only God can help him do that.
- Paul warns people about working to achieve a relationship with Christ <= Only faith can be tool bring that.
2. James’ Writings
- James coming from different pastoral position
- writing to those who are already Christians + becoming complacent in their walk
- justification before men, + faith should be genuine
- asserting when one is justified by faith =>new life will = complete change => result in an outpouring of works, worthy of Christ
- life of love + serving > molded > relationship with Christ => show that it is a true faith by demonstrating Christ’s love to other people => belief in Christ => an obedience of good works.
Paul James Concerned with legalists who were striving for sanctification through the law – not through faith Concerned with libertines who were content with sanctification through belief without action A person who is justified before God through faith A person is justified before men through his actions Eternally justified through faith by grace Justified through a daily walk by works reflecting Christ.
- Working together both Paul and James are bringing out the harmony of the Word of God.
- We are saved by faith that then, if genuine should lead to the demonstration of that faith through good works.
2:24. – You see then that a man is justified by works, and not by faith only. – With the background behind us of James’ appreciation and acceptance of the doctrine of justification by faith, we can now study this passage in its correct context.
Many people have interpreted this verse as James’ belief that works is what matters and as such is in direct opposition to the teaching of Paul. Both Paul and James worked together to keep the unity of the church (Acts 21:18). There is no reason to believe that these two writers were in disagreement over doctrine.
1. Pauline Writings
The writings of Paul in Romans 3:28 and Ephesians 2:8 – 9 are directed to new Christians or even those who have yet to make a decision for Christ. Paul is talking about justification before God, that faith is a gift. Paul asserts that justification (salvation)…
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