Tag Archives: ISIL

Inquisition also bad for Jews

A Catholic bishop granting plenary indulgences for the public during times of calamity. Note the almsgiving in the background. Wall Fresco by Italian Artist Lorenzo Lotto, Suardi, Italy, circa 1524.

The Roman Catholic Pope in the 1200s was annoyed that there where people who called themselves Christians but did not want to worship Jesus as their god. Those true Christians said there was only One God, Who is one, and which was not the god of the Catholic Church but the God of Israel. This was a blow in the face of the Roman Catholic Church which also could see a lot of money not coming in their hands because those Christians who refused to worship the Trinity also said that people paid for their sins by their death and not by ecclesiastical indulgences.

The Pope not pleased with those lay preachers who could undermine his establishment got enough clergy interested to battle those who had other thoughts than they. He established the “Holy Inquisition Against Depraved Heresy” to deal with breakaway ‘Christian sects’. At first it was a judicial procedure set to be able to judge all sorts of people who did not want to go with the Roman Catholic Church. But later an institution was established by the papacy and, sometimes, by secular governments to combat heresy and to act like we now see Al Qaeda, ISIS/ISIL or Daesh, Boko Haram and other fundamentalist Islamic groups to press what they believe would be the only true faith everybody had to have.

First being relatively powerless, as secular rulers, suspicious of Papal meddling in their own internal affairs, did not allow it access to their countries, in a period of more than 200 years, very few heretics were burned at the stake. In 1481, at the peak of the Ottoman power, however, after extracting a promise from the Pope that the Inquisition would remain under the Crown’s control, thus ensuring that confiscated assets of heretics would revert to the throne, Ferdinand and Isabella established the Inquisition in Seville (Reconquista). While it is commonly assumed that the Inquisition was brought to Spain out of a concern that Jews were trying to influence conversos to leave the Christian fold, one prominent historian is of the opinion that by 1481 Jewish consciousness was virtually nonexistent among the conversos, and that Jews did not attempt any such outreach. Rather, he believes, the Inquisition was an outgrowth of the attitudes of Spain’s Old Christian population. In the words of one Spanish historian,

“The Inquisition was a genuine expression of the soul of the Spanish people.”

When we hear about the Inquisition we most often do not think of the Jews, with good reason, because most damage was done to sincere godly people who had taken Jesus as the son of God and their saviour and not as their god. Though the horrible action taken by the Roman Catholics, undertaken in the twelfth century and following centuries to find “Christian heretics” who would be punished or killed, had her eyes also set on the Jewish community. Eventually, Jews too were open to such charges of heresy, simply for being Jewish; and torture was routinely used to extract “confessions.”

These coming weeks we also remember how this coming up time to Pesach was a very dangerous time for Jews, because they could be caught cleaning their houses and linen and buying vegetables before Pesach, blessing children without making the sign of the cross, fasting on Yom Kippur, and refraining from work on the Sabbath.

Interestingly enough, Jews who never converted to Christianity were not under the jurisdiction of the Inquisition, and could practice their religion freely and openly. It was only conversos who were considered heretics for forsaking the Christian creed and practising Judaism. Worse for the Catholic Church was that some of those converts did not become a Catholic but accepted rabbi Jeshua as the Messiah, the son of God but not a god son, like the Roman Catholics did. Those having gone in the water to become a Baptist, became with that group a target for prosecution, according to the Roman Catholics being a dangerous ‘cult’ and with other protestants to be removed from this earth.

Marranos: Secret Seder in Spain during the times of inquisition, an 1892 painting by Moshe Maimon

Mainly because of persecution, Muslims and Jews in Spain at that time found it socially, politically, and economically expedient to convert to Catholicism, but where not really practising that faith and at home kept their ow practice of faith. In 1481 the Inquisition began to function in Spain to expose the secret Jews, known as the Anusim (who were forced to abandon Judaism against their will) or Marranos, who converted to the Christian faith to escape persecution but who continued to practice Judaism secretly, but over the years spread to many countries. The Spanish Inquisition was anti-Jewish more than in any previous countries. The first public sentencing and burning alive of six marrano men and one woman by the Spanish Inquisition was held on this date in Sevilla in Southern Spain.

All sorts of torture where good for the unsparing cruel fanatics, of which many also set their eyes on the Jews and certain Christian groups or monasteries their assets.

Differently with the present day inquisition groups of Islam the Roman Catholic Church did not want to spill blood, but only “save souls”. For not having their clergy to become accused for having blood on their hands they made use of civilians and secular authorities for the many executions, whereby they found it was best to use bloodless deaths, such as strangling and burning alive.

For ISIS the colour today is orange, but at that time the condemned people wore yellow sanbenitos, cloaks, with red crosses and the letter X painted on them. Those given the death penalty wore tunics with paintings of flames and devils. The procession marched through the town to the burning area where the judges sat. The cases involving lesser penalties were judged first, then those receiving strangulation before burning, and finally those condemned to be burned alive.

The first auto-de-fe was held in 1481, and the last in 1731, an old woman who was accused of

“being influenced by the Devil, after which she laid eggs with prophecies written on them.”

Torquemada.jpg

Tomás de Torquemada (Thomas of Torquemada) Castilian Dominican friar, and the first Grand Inquisitor in Spain’s movement to homogenize religious practices with those of the Catholic Church in the late 15th century, otherwise known as “The Spanish Inquisition.” (Wikipedia)

In 1483, Queen Isabella’s personal confessor, the Dominican priest Tomas de Torquemada, was appointed head of the Inquisition. Of converso origin, Torquemada was a fanatic Jew-hater who was wholly incorruptible. He was convinced that only the total expulsion of the Jews from Spain could end Jewish influence in the national life.

Torquemada did not cut the grass from under the Jews’ feet and quickly began taking steps to weaken the unconverted Jewish community and eventually expel it from Spain. In 1485, he forced all rabbis, under pain of death, to report conversos who were practising Judaism, and to pronounce a rabbinic curse on any Jew who failed to notify the Inquisition of such behaviour. This cruel edict badly split the Jews of Spain. Alarmed by the greatly increasing power of the Inquisition, that year a group of conversos plotted to kill the inquisitor of Saragossa, Pedro de Arbues, hoping to begin a popular uprising against the Inquisition. However, the assassination had the opposite effect. The townspeople were enraged, rampaging through the streets, killing many conversos. All the conspirators were caught and executed, and the Inquisition grew even stronger.

Purity of faith became the national policy of the Catholic sovereigns, and thus came about the final tragedy, the edict of expulsion of all the Jews from Spain on March 31, 1492. Portugal promulgated an edict of expulsion in 1497 and Navarre in 1498. It was under de Torquemada his guidance that the Inquisition became such a terrifying institution, amassing enormous assets confiscated from its victims, much of it used to finance the war to conquer the last Muslim stronghold of Granada.

In 1680, the most spectacular of all autos-de-fe was held to celebrate the wedding of King Carlos and his bride. At that time, the Inquisition spread to Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the New and Old Worlds, with victims burned in Havana, Cuba; Mexico City, Mexico; Buenos Aires, Argentina; and Goa, India. After 350 years, the Inquisition was finally abolished in 1834, the year the Liberal Wars ended in Portugal and pro-republic uprising fails in Piedmont. In all, more than 400,000 people were accused of heresy, with 30,000 of those put to death.

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Please do read:

The Spanish Inquisition by Yosef Eisen

Books on Conversos a listing by Rabbi Juan Bejarano-Gutierrez the director of the B’nei Anusim Center for Education

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Additional reading

  1. Priest, scribes and others with authority
  2. A dialogue about the earth moving and spinning around the sun
  3. Anti-church movements and Humanism
  4. Built on or Belonging to Jewish tradition #1 Christian Reform

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Further reading

  1. Individuality in the Age of Heresy
  2. Say it in Latin, Mortui Vivos Docent
  3. A Jolly Old Pope
  4. Moors in the Occitan
  5. Inquisitively Questioning Inquisition
  6. The Papacy: Inception to Inquisitions End
  7. Does torture work
  8. A Tribute to Galileo
  9. The Memoirs of Luis Carvajal
  10. Millions Executed During The Inquisition?
  11. The Spanish Inquisition According to Mel Brooks
  12. Silence (Scorsese; 2016)
  13. And of These Chains
  14. Anti Hindu Laws in the Christian State set up by the Portuguese in Goa
  15. Anne Brenon: Les Cathares
  16. Basque Country – Following The Converso Escape Route
  17. Secret Jews: The Complex Identity of Crypto-Jews and Crypto-Judaism
  18. Granada, Spain – The End of Sephardic Jewry
  19. Returning to Egypt: Conversos who Returned to Spain and Portugal
  20. Books on Conversos
  21. A Conversation between the Spice Trader’s Daughter and her Lover, a Fortnight after She Burned at the Stake
  22. When will the Catholic Church apologise for the Goa Inquisition? – Shefali Vaidya
  23. Vatican has never apologised for its crimes, and will not apologise for the Goa Inquisition – Aravindan Neelakandan
  24. Books on the Inquisition
  25. Another book about the Inquisition in France…imagine!
  26. Book Review: The Shadow of the Cross
  27. The Ancien Régime was Less Bloody than the Enlightened World
  28. Inquisition 2015
  29. Going Back in Time
  30. Inquisition: la torture
  31. Spare a prayer
  32. Inquisition 
  33. Plausible Deniability, the Jesuits and Citizen Cain – Missionaries of The Anti-Christ
  34. The 2nd Amendment and The Inquisition
  35. The Elder
  36. The world order inquisition
  37. Jihad in the cause of Allah – Maria Wirth
  38. Benjamin Netanyahu and his Sephardic Roots
  39. Feelings in a nutshell
  40. Who we are (Inq worldpeace)

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Filed under Crimes & Atrocities, History, Juridical matters, Religious affairs

Where is the government strategy to prevent violence against women?

Visiting Lecturer in International Politics at City University London, Patrick Pinkerton, records his less systematic thoughts on everyday political, cultural and social life in the hope it’ll be illuminating.

He has thoughts by the the British government currently engaged in a public and media campaign to change the terms of the debate on radicalisation, with David Cameron urging people to be ‘intolerant of intolerance’ and calling on communities to do more to tackle the extreme ideologies that allow violent ones to emerge.

He doesn’t think it would be an over exaggeration to suggest that Cameron is placing part of the blame for young people turning to ISIL on the failure of the Muslim community in the UK to challenge extreme narratives, and that he is urging the Muslim community to take more responsibility for this.

Regardless of whether you agree or disagree with this point, I think you can accept that Cameron is seeking to apportion some blame on those who could have acted differently in order to prevent young Europeans travelling to Syria and Iraq to join the brutal and murderous IS movement.

he writes in his article Cameron’s Blame Game. And continues

Cameron’s platitudes about building a ‘national identity’ that ‘young people in our country feel truly part of’ is not enough. If he is so keen to ensure people take responsibility for their actions then he should take responsibility for his own: for the demands he makes on Muslims to pledge their loyalty to an undefined idea of ‘British values’, that could indeed not be defined in anything but an exclusionary manner; and for the essentialised notions of a ‘Muslim community’ his government propagates, requiring surveillance and securitisation. {Cameron’s Blame Game}

The government may be aware of how disengaged it is from large sections of the British Muslim communities but is it aware how ethics and moral values in a country play a very important role in how people are behaving or going to behave?

We also have to be aware how children can become influenced by others, and most of all by those who may offer security, glorious cause, a new way of life. It is unacceptable that many children face bad situations at home, where 22% had suffered from physical or sexual violence by a partner.

The UK and France reported the 5th highest number of violence against women, with 44%. Violence by an intimate partner being the most common type of abuse.
European civilians should shame themselves having about a third of all women in the EU having experienced either physical or sexual violence since the age of 15, according to a survey by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights.

We also should do something against “fear of stigma” which still prevents many women from reporting sexual violence.

slutwalk_1891529cMany countries in the so called civilised world are derailed. In many countries of Western Europe men and women have an abundant life full of libertine sex. In all those countries where there is a certain economical wealth we notice psychological and ethical poverty. Men as well as women do not seem to have ethical values and do not seem to have any proud about the sanctity of their own body. At the same time that so many boast about their free sex life with many we see unacceptable levels of sexual coercion and female genital mutilation (FGM), sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnosed and an increase of teenage pregnancy.

Often it looks like we are living in an oversexed world, were there do not seem to exist any borders. Many do find it normal that youngsters and adults share sex videos online at the touch of their cell phones. Many find it normal to see sex between the same sexes and even find it more interesting to see it done by several partners in one go. Though many may find it weird to run naked in the garden or on a beach they do not worry to strip in front of a camera and showing their nakedness on a screen hoping to get themselves a million likes.

When approximately 85,000 women and 12,000 men are raped in England and Wales alone every year [pdf] we should ask serious questions because that’s roughly 11 adult rapes per hour. (!?!)

Over 1,200 victims of FGM were recorded between January and March this year, and unknown numbers of girls and women remain unprotected. Gang violence and grooming are increasingly recognised and the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community remains at risk from stigma and discrimination. Sexual health services identify and support these vulnerable groups every day so the ramifications of reducing access to this support and expertise will be far-reaching and significant. {About the crisis, no not the referendum.. the sexual health crisis!}

We too think like the Guest-author that

Such figures dwarf the violence committed in the name of radicalism, whether inspired by an interpretation of Islam or a far right ideology (both of which are targeted in the Prevent strategy).

It is high time that abuse and exploitation are tackled and that the educational institutions again try to get the youngsters on the moral and ethical path which a civilised country should have.

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Previous articles

How to heal after childhood sexual abuse

About a human being or not and life

Stop Burning Rape Survivors at the Stake

How to heal after childhood sexual abuse

Responsibility for children who were molested by clergy

“Prayer 2” – Child Abuse

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Additional reading

  1. Subcutaneous power for humanity 2 1950-2010 Post war generations
  2. Mental Enslavement and Sins Syndrome (MESS)
  3. African misery and women inequality
  4. The dark side of our earthly existence
  5. Manifests for believers #1 Sex abuse setting fire to the powder
  6. Violence against disabled children
  7. Justififiable anger or just anarchism
  8. Being Religious and Spiritual 8 Spiritual, Mystic and not or well religious

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Related reading

  1. Association Concerning Sexual Violence Against Women (RainLily)
  2. About the crisis, no not the referendum.. the sexual health crisis!
  3. Remember, prime minister: British Muslims hate Isis too
  4. Theresa May issued direct plea to Britons not to destroy their lives and children with Isil
  5. Violence against women: One-third of EU women affected – survey
  6. Swedish police blame “foreign young men” for spate of sex assaults at music festivals
  7. Guinness, alcohol much more of a threat to women.
  8. British woman saved from her father’s forced marriage, FGM plans by court order
  9. Women in Mexico are being assaulted so police can boost arrest numbers in war on drugs, Amnesty says
  10. Women’s rights activists blasted for taking selfie with alleged rape victim
  11. What We’re Telling Victims
  12. The White House refuses to visit colleges that don’t address sexual assault
  13. 6 players from Cuba’s men’s volleyball team in custody over alleged rape
  14. Football’s abuse of women is institutional
  15. Rolling Stone reporter provides insight into circumstances that resulted in retracted rape story
  16. Women who have premarital sex are ‘degenerates’: China textbook
  17. Escaped Chibok school girl hasn’t been seen since rescue from Boko Haram in May
  18. aces against healthism
  19. Only way to celebrate 4th of July.
  20. In the beginning…
  21. In the beginning, there was me.
  22. Why I am starting this blog…
  23. The Beginning and End of Rape: Confronting Sexual Violence in Native America
  24. Reckoning Up: an institutional economy of sexual harassment and violence
  25. Rabbit Hole
  26. Judging Laura
  27. “Roberts Square”
  28. “Instead I Held Her Hand”
  29. Y12 Health Day – Part One
  30. Y12 Health Day – Part Two
  31. Powerful “Dear Brock Turner” photo series shows how women are blamed in rape culture
  32. The porn star who accused James Deen of rape is ready to move on in a big way
  33. Thandie Newton says director sexually abused her
  34. Flight diverted after teenage girl allegedly assaulted by drunk man on plane
  35. Who wins
  36. Islamic anti-terrorism coalition, a way for Riyadh to “save face”
  37. The Legality of Muslim Exclusion
  38. On International Women’s Day, Clothes and Being Female
  39. The Lights That Failed: Terrorism Double Standards in San Bernardino, Paris…and Baicheng?
  40. Is banning Niqab need of the modern western society or is it the dogma of a feudal symbolism which is creating inconvenience to others
  41. 16-year-old boy arrested over murder of woman in Burka (Nahid Almanea) and young father (James Attfield) stabbed more than 100 times
  42. Rampant Sexism
  43. The Rise of Hate Search
  44. The first time I submitted to a man (Part 2)
  45. Living In The Now
  46. Is sex overrated?
  47. Salma Hayek says sex isn’t the key to a happy marriage
  48. The Truth About Sex In Relationships (Hint: It’s Not As Important As You Think It Is)
  49. On pornography
  50. complicated
  51. Not the one?
  52. Gaze
  53. Hollywood’s Naked Butts
  54. Are We Living In A Sex Crazed World?
  55. # 100 The Joy Of Nakedness
  56. In Fear and Hatred of Flesh
  57. Day 181: Adam and Eve: The Perfect Couple
  58. Nakedness and Shame | Victor Tey
  59. Naked Before God and the Wonder of it All
  60. Naked Before God and Spiritual Discipline
  61. Naked Before God: Trials and Tribulations
  62. Naked Before God: Praying in Humility
  63. A Naked Mind Reminded
  64. Sunday Sermon [Gettin’ Naked]
  65. John 5:44
  66. Can I be vulnerable?
  67. Be Vulnerable? What?!
  68. Nakedness, Tough Guys and False Expectations
  69. Naked Before God in Community: But I’m an Introvert!
  70. •Vulnerability & Nakedness•
  71. Naked Before God: Husbands and Wives
  72. Naked Before God: In Community (2)
  73. Cover Your Nakedness!
  74. Does the Boris Johnson and Donald Trump mural rely on our distaste of men kissing?
  75. Storm Lake man found guilty of forcing wife to end pregnancies
  76. Woman says Gresham father molested her 1,000-plus times, delivers chilling statement
  77. Syria, child sexual abuse and Ebola highlight UN shortcomings
  78. Females in the Texas Juvenile Justice System are often at greater Risk of serving longer Sentences and having a Mental Health need than their Male Counterparts
  79. Ghani Promises ‘Serious Measures’ Against Afghan Troops Who Sexually Abuse Children
  80. US Must Leverage Aid to Stop Child Sexual Abuse Among Afghan Security Officials
  81. Two tumultous years but little real progress for adult victims of child sexual abuse
  82. Afghanistan Vows Measures Against Child Sex Abuse
  83. International: US military in Afghanistan told troops to ‘ignore child abuse by Afghan soldiers’
  84. U.S. Soldiers Told to Ignore Sexual Abuse of Boys by Afghan Allies

Everyday Deconstructions

Last Monday a clause of the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act (2015) came into effect, placing the Prevent Duty Guidance for seven sectors of the public services on a statutory footing. Local authorities, schools, further education, higher education, the health sector, prisons and probation have joined the police in having a legal duty to safeguard persons from radicalisation, be it through challenging the narratives of radical preachers and political ideologues who argue that violence is acceptable, or through tackling exposure to beheading videos or other violent images online that normalises such barbaric behaviour.

The government hope this legislation will stem the flow of British citizens to Syria, and hlep prevent the kind of home-grown terror attacks witnessed recently in Paris and Copenhagen. At least 700 Britons are thought to have travelled to Syria to join IS in the last few years, but fortunately there has not been a violent incident on…

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Filed under Being and Feeling, Crimes & Atrocities, Educational affairs, Lifestyle, Political affairs, Re-Blogs and Great Blogs, Social affairs, Welfare matters