Tag Archives: 1918

Poolse ontkenning van antisemitische en immigranten feiten

Op onze redactie vloeiden protesten binnen over onze indrukken over de toestand aan de Pools-Wit-Russische grens, waarbij wij in sommige van onze blogs ook woorden aangaven van wat Poolse burgers zeiden. Maar volgens de briefschrijvers zouden zulke woorden tegen Joden en Islamieten niet gezegd zijn door Polen en zou de regering geen mensen tegen houden aan de Poolse grens.

Opvallend hierbij is dat die ontkennende reacties kwamen van mensen die in Polen wonen, waarbij wij ons dan ook ernstige vragen stellen of in Polen dan geen censuur wordt toegepast en de Poolse burger in onwetendheid wordt gehouden.

Nochtans horen en zien wij toch ook beelden van, in het binnenland van Polen, afspelende feiten, zoals een boekverbranding bijv., die dan toch ook zouden moeten opgemerkt worden door mensen die hier niet mee akkoord gaan.

Brabosh.com met haar blog Terug naar Zion schets wel een gelijkaardig beeld dat wij hier in België ook hebben. Ook zij halen de houding van de Katholieke Kerk aan die onze ogen doen fronsen en geven ons ook te kennen hoe er een sterk Pools Nationalisme heerst dat zich verzet tegen de Wetten van de Europese Unie en die niet open wil staan voor de mensenrechten die men van een lid van de EU verwacht.
Zelfs van iemand die onze geloofsgroep genegen zou zijn kwam de opmerking dat wat er op Immanuel Verbondskind onlangs verschenen bericht geschreven werd, allemaal verzinsels zouden zijn om Polen en haar burgers in een zwart daglicht te stellen en dat het een onwaardig schrijven zou zijn zonder enige journalistieke waarde.

Maar ontegensprekelijk kunnen wij enkel onze besluiten nemen doordat wij van de pers-media en via bloggers hun schrijven berichten binnen krijgen, waarbij wij de perstolken en andere vertalers van Poolse uitspraken moeten vertrouwen. Als wij de brievenschrijvers zouden moeten geloven zouden dan de beelden die wij te zien krijgen van ‘duizenden’ Poolse burgers die het niet pikken hoe de regering mensen behandeld, allemaal georkestreerd moeten zijn. Hierbij vragen wij ons wel af waar ze dan al die figuranten vandaan halen om zich voor te doen als vluchtelingen of om zich voor te doen als betogers tegen de antifobe houding van de regering.

Wij vinden dat wij die beelden, die laten zien hoe mensen op straat komen om te protesteren tegen de strikte abortuswetgeving of nefaste rechtsstaathervormingen, als wel degelijk echt mogen interpreteren. Ook geloven wij de woorden van mensenrechtencommissaris Adam Bodnar die kan rekenen op driehonderd medewerkers. Wel geven wij toe dat het bewijs dat zij nog bestaan en hun werk nog kunnen doen getuigt dat Polen nog niet helemaal is afgegleden naar het niveau van een autoritaire staat. Hij zelf zegt dan ook

Het is niet zoals in Hongarije, ook al is Viktor Orbán een voorbeeld voor de huidige Poolse politieke leiders.

Maar hij laat ook weten dat de huidige regering er alles aan doet wat ze kan om van Polen een antiliberaal regime te maken.

Er is weinig respect voor de onafhankelijkheid van instellingen en er is nauwelijks dialoog mogelijk met de overheid en haar administraties.

zegt hij. ookk geeft hij toe dat de regering hem eigenlijk beschouwt als een buitenstaander.

“Ik probeer daarom mensenrechtenthema’s onder de aandacht te brengen op alternatieve manieren, onder meer via maatschappelijke middenveldorganisaties en de media.”

vervolgt hij.

“De regering probeert een andere invulling te geven aan de rechten van vrouwen, LGBTI-mensen, migranten, minderheden … Het is een ideologische kwestie. Ik kan natuurlijk niet toestaan dat de rechten van LGBTI-mensen en andere minderheden worden geschonden. Het is mijn job om die rechten te verdedigen.”

Naast de marsen tegen de negatieve houding betreft anders voelenden en andere geslachtsverhoudingen zijn er ook andere woorden en daden die ons toch moeten verontrusten.

Zo waren er in 2019 Katholieke priesters in Polen die tijdens een ceremonie boeken in brand staken die naar hun mening tovenarij promoten. Onder de verbrande boeken was ook een van de populaire Harry Potter-boeken van de Britse schrijfster JK Rowling. Behalve het Harry Potter-boek verdween ook een paraplu van Hello Kitty in de vlammen, net als een tribaal masker en een boek van spiritueel leider Osho.

Links de brandstapel, met onder andere een Harry Potter-boek en een boek van spiritueel leider Osho. Rechts een van de priesters en twee aanwezige kinderen.

Links de brandstapel, met onder andere een Harry Potter-boek en een boek van spiritueel leider Osho. Rechts een van de priesters en twee aanwezige kinderen. © Facebook/rv

Op donderdag 13 november 2021 ware er Poolse nationalisten schreeuwdendood aan de Joden” terwijl ze een boek verbrandden dat een historisch pact voorstelde ter bescherming van de rechten van de Poolse Joden. Dit gebeurde tijdens een bijeenkomst in een stad in centraal Polen in de wojwodschap Groot-Polen. Kalisz stad vormt een aaneengesloten agglomeratie met de nabijgelegen steden Ostrów Wielkopolski en Skalmierzyce en moet daarom niet aanschouwd worden als een afgelegen dorpje waar mensen ver genoeg van elkaar wonen om meerdere dingen niet op te merken. Als een stad met ongeveer 100.000 inwoners gelegen 120 mijl ten zuidwesten van Warschau, maakte ze deel uit van een reeks nationalistische evenementen op 11 november, Nationale Onafhankelijkheidsdag, de verjaardag van het moment waarop Józef Piłsudski de hernieuwde onafhankelijkheid van Polen uitriep in 1918. dus was het niet zo maar een kleine aangelegenheid waarop die nationalisten overgingen tot een boekverbranding en hun haat tegen Joden uitschreeuwden in een land dat de schandvlek van verscheidene uitroeiingskampen draagt.

De extreemrechtse activist Wojciech Olszański, een extreemrechtse activist kan nu zoo p video’s en volgens ooggetuigenverslagen op sociale media aangeklaagd worden voor het spiesen en verbranden van  een boek met een rode kaft welk het Statuut van Kalisz symboliseerde, aanstak om het Statuut van Kalisz te symboliseren, terwijl hij riep

dood aan de Joden

Sommigen scandeerden ook:

Nee tegen Polin, ja tegen Polen.

“Polin” is zowel de Hebreeuwse naam voor Polen als de naam van het belangrijkste Joodse museum in Warschau. {‘Dood aan de Joden’, schreeuwen Poolse nationalisten tijdens demonstratie terwijl ze boek over Joden in Polen verbranden}

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Organisaties die aan boekverbrandingen doen staan over het algemeen op de meest zwartgeblakerde pagina’s van de geschiedenisboeken. Anno 2021 mogen wij niet toelaten dat de geschiedenis zou gaan herhalen (voor de zoveelste maal).

De Polen, Hongaren maar ook wij hier in West Europa mogen niet blind zijn voor het toenemend antisemitisme en de haat voor homo’s en transgenders. Ook mogen wij onze oren niet sluiten voor bepaalde ‘praat’ of haatsprekerij die zich in conservatief Christelijke middens plaats grijpt.

Het ging bij deze boekverbranding niet over een éénmalig of uitzonderlijk voorval. Andere grote nationalistische evenementen vonden de afgelopen dagen plaats in grote Poolse steden. Een van de hoofdthema’s in de marsen betrof ook de huidige crisis in de betrekkingen tussen Wit-Rusland en Polen. De rechtse regering van Polen weigert de immigranten binnen te laten, waaronder Afghaanse asielzoekers.

Ook moeten wij als Europese burgers er op staan dat overal in de Europese Unie al de rechten van de mens gevrijwaard blijven en vrijheden verzekerd worden.

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Vindt ook te lezen:

  1. Polen dat zich boven wet en historische waarheid stelt
  2. ‘Dood aan de Joden’, schreeuwen Poolse nationalisten tijdens demonstratie terwijl ze boek over Joden in Polen verbranden

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Voorgaande

  1. Geert Mak – Grote Verwachtingen. In Europa. 1999-2019.
  2. Vrouwenbewegingen uit 46 landen roepen op tot Women’s Strike

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Aanverwant

  1. Spirituele diversiteit in Europa (Our world) = Spirituele diversiteit in Europa (Some view on the world)
  2. Felle cultuurstrijd tussen rechts en progressief-liberaal, conservatief en progressief Katholiek Polen (Our world)Felle cultuurstrijd tussen rechts en progressief-liberaal, conservatief en progressief Katholiek Polen (Some view on the world)
  3. Hongaarse ondermijning van Europese vrijheden
  4. Europa moet emigranten aan Pooolse grens opvangen
  5. Polen met de gebakken peren
  6. Een door Wit-Rusland gecreëerde migrantencrisis

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Capitalism and The environmental record of the communist world

Continuation of Capitalism and relevance to climate change

When looking at the pollution in communist countries questions can be posed if those communist regimes were somehow unable to regulate the use of their common resources.

Nice to notice that Gezwin Stanley finds it more reasonable to posit that the communist failures were also failures of capitalism, specifically “state capitalism”, the economic system in which the state undertakes business and commercial (i.e. for-profit) economic activity and where the means of production are nationalized as state-owned enterprises (including the processes of capital accumulation, centralised management and wage labour). He writes:

The environmental record of the communist world, once it finally started to be revealed with the fall of the Warsaw Pact and the at least partial “opening up” of China to Western business interests, was, at times, disastrous. The proposition is essentially that ownership makes owners take more care of the environment, and that the communist record is one huge tragedy of the commons (for example, see: “Marxism and the Failure of Environmental Protection in Eastern Europe and the U.S.S.R.”). {Why capitalism massively intensified the climate crisis, and why only collective action can solve it}

Though in the idea of communism is included the ownership of everybody of everything. Everything is namely part of that what we are allowed to use or to be confronted with. We do not own the world, but we may use the world, as having it in loan. As such in communism is expected that everybody shows respect for the goods of others and for the nature where we are allowed to live in.

We agree that in the communist system we have seen it evolve in the wrong way, in the Soviet Union going to dictatorships as Stalinism and Leninism, which have not much to do with real communism, as well with the hypercapitalism we can see now in the Republic of China.

The communist world’s track record on the environment really is rather catastrophic. The most infamous examples include the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, the shrinking of the Aral Sea and the irradiation of northern Kazakstan by the Semipalatinsk (present-day Semey) nuclear testing site. The Soviet record in terms of air and water pollution is also very poor. Shortly after the fall of the Soviet Union, in the early 1990s, Russia’s Hydrometeorological Service, which monitors air quality, reported that 231 out of 292 cities exceeded maximum permissible concentrations (MPCs) for particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, or carbon monoxide, with eighty-six cities exceeding MPCs by a factor of ten. At around the same time 75 percent of Russia’s surface water was polluted, 50 percent of all water was not potable according to quality standards established in 1992, and an estimated 30 percent of groundwater available for use was highly polluted (http://countrystudies.us/russia/25.htm). {Why capitalism massively intensified the climate crisis, and why only collective action can solve it}

Gezwin Stanley looks at (a) communism where there is an economic system where the things that people need to live and make a living are controlled by the few. For him it doesn’t have to mean “free” markets as many capitalists aim for and sometimes achieve oligopoly or monopoly.

Also, though “control” normally means “legal ownership” that doesn’t necessarily have to be the case: there are situations where very effective control of the things that people need to live and make a living is possible without formal legal ownership, from a company where directors are able to laud it over shareholders to the situation we are about to explore: state capitalism in the Soviet Union.

One very clear reason why we should take the concept of “state capitalism” in Marxist-Leninist regimes seriously is that it is not an invented phrase imposed on such regimes after the fact. It was, in fact, a phrase use by Lenin himself in 1918, not to describe a state of affairs that should be avoided, but as a stage in a plan to modernise Russia as part of its road towards socialism. Basically the idea was that, to transition to a system where the workers would take over the means of production, large-scale, centralised industries had to be created first, under state control, but using the techniques and expertise of capitalists.

The main aim of “state capitalism” was therefore to build, in relatively backward and agrarian Russia, the very capitalist enterprises that the workers could later control as part of socialism. From the very inception of Soviet “state capitalism” though there was a secondary aim: to modernise the economy of Russia so that it could better defend itself militarily against foreign hostility. In 1918 Russia had just lost a war to a much more industrially advanced Germany. This was a further driver influencing the nature of state capitalism in the Soviet Bloc that would persist for the duration of the Soviet Union. {Why capitalism massively intensified the climate crisis, and why only collective action can solve it}

Here was how, in 1918, Lenin who claimed that World War I had transformed laissez-faire capitalism into the monopolist state capitalism, described his plan for state capitalism:

“What is state capitalism under Soviet power? To achieve state capitalism at the present time means putting into effect the accounting and control that the capitalist classes carried out. We see a sample of state capitalism in Germany. We know that Germany has proved superior to us. But if you reflect even slightly on what it would mean if the foundations of such state capitalism were established in Russia, Soviet Russia, everyone who is not out of his senses and has not stuffed his head with fragments of book learning, would have to say that state capitalism would be our salvation.

I said that state capitalism would be our salvation; if we had it in Russia, the transition to full socialism would be easy, would be within our grasp, because state capitalism is something centralised, calculated, controlled and socialised, and that is exactly what we lack: we are threatened by the element of petty-bourgeois slovenliness, which more than anything else has been developed by the whole history of Russia and her economy, and which prevents us from taking the very step on which the success of socialism depends.” (Session of the All-Russia C.E.C. April 29 1918: https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1918/apr/29.htm)

The greatest problem is man’s love for power and control and often when people come to power they start enjoying their status and often want more. Often those who got in power want to stay in power and do not want to share their power with others.  The article writer notices this also and writes

once a state capitalist system under the control of Communist Party apparatchiks was created, any transition to actual socialism was stalled indefinitely.

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin, secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922–53) and premier of the Soviet state (1941–53), misusing his power eliminating everybody whowas in his way or did not agree with his ruling (and dictatorship).

“State capitalism” had severe effects on how the Soviet system would deal with environmental concerns. As with western style capitalism this was partly because those in control had much more to gain by, say, maximising production, than they had to lose through environmental degradation. It was those at the top, higher up the party structure, who by driving up their production figures, could gain promotion or at least, at times, and especially during Stalin’s rule, avoid being purged. Also, as ever, it was those at the bottom who were generally least able to escape the effects of environmental degradation, as in the “exemplar” Soviet steel producing city of Magnitogorsk, where party officials enjoyed a comparatively luxurious life in the wooded “American town” that was originally built for specialists from the United States in 1930, while many workers lived in barracks where filthy conditions and a lack of clean water contributed to the spread of deadly disease ( see “The secret history of Magnitogorsk, Russia’s steel city”). {Why capitalism massively intensified the climate crisis, and why only collective action can solve it}

Magnitogorsk: monument

Magnitogorsk: Monument depicting a steelworker giving a sword to a Soviet soldier, Magnitogorsk, Russia. – Photo © ekb/Fotolia

The whole command and control system of the Soviet Union felt compelled to drive for economic growth at almost any cost, and did not mind losing lives for it. It became so bad that there was an obsession with economic growth and with high status on all levels, but in particular in sports and arts, like ballet. Any opposition to the ideas of those in power had to be killed by the root, as that could endanger targets.

The “Plan” and the careers, or at times lives, of individual apparatchiks. Similar to how in the West the climate crisis was first concealed with well-funded and orchestrated denial and then greenwash, in the Soviet Union the true state of the environment was kept hidden by deeming environmental statistics to be state secrets. {Why capitalism massively intensified the climate crisis, and why only collective action can solve it}

Next: State capitalism and climate emergency

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Related

  1. Separated under the Same Roof: The Revived Relationships of State-Market Institutions. 
  2. The return of the visible hand: How struggles for economic and political dominance turn state capitalism into authoritarian capitalism
  3. State Capitalism: Its Possibilities and Limitations (Pollock, 1941)
  4. Why was There No Capitalism in Early Modern China?
  5. Debating ‘State Capitalism’ in Turkey: Beyond False Dichotomies
  6. Sino State Capital and the Strengthening of Serbian Stabilitocracy
  7. The Socialist Market Economy in China, Vietnam and Laos: A development model to embrace?
  8. 4 Lies They Told You About China—Debunked
  9. Chapellian socio-economic inversions
  10. Economic Corridors as Infrastructures of Extraction
  11. The Pandemic and Capitalism
  12. State Capitalism Part I – Dorit Geva on Hungary’s Ordonationalism and the Parallels to Russia
  13. Russian State Capitalism Part II – Matveev on dirigiste and neoliberal synergies
  14. Russian State Capitalism Part III: How can Russia be neoliberal and dirigiste at the same time?
  15. Coming Cold War with China: Good or Bad?
  16. The Geopolitics of Financialisation and Development: Interview with Ilias Alami

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Love in the Time of Corona

Human beings have grown away from nature and from the Divine Creator.
Their debauchery and carelessness about how to deal with the things before them are now killing them.

It has come so far that humans are to blame for the extinction of many beautiful creatures. According to a 2014 study, current extinction rates are 1,000 times higher than they would be if humans weren’t around.

Example of a significant historical pandemic: the Black Death, which originated in China and spread across Europe in the 14th century;

All through history we also can see when there were too many people able to destroy their environment, nature took charge and eliminated lots of people. In the past, there were many awful battles, wars taking the lives of many. After the Great War it did not seem yet enough. The influenza pandemic of 1918–19, also called Spanish influenza pandemic or Spanish flu, was the most severe influenza outbreak of the 20th century and, in terms of total numbers of deaths, among the most devastating pandemics in human history. It resulted in an estimated 25 million deaths, though some researchers have projected that it caused as many as 40–50 million deaths. Nothing compared to the Sars-CoV-1 infection. Sars and Ebola frightened many, but now the Sars-CoV-2 or CoViD-19 brings these 21st-century people also on their knees, fearing for their lives.

influenza pandemic of 1918–19: temporary hospital

The influenza pandemic of 1918–19: temporary hospital A temporary hospital in Camp Funston, Kansas, during the 1918–19 influenza pandemic. Courtesy of the National Museum of Health and Medicine, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, D.C

Today the majority of people have become so materialistic their first concerns is to protect the economy. Still, too many politicians dare to tell their citizens they should continue to go to work and have the factories working, not having to be so afraid to come close to each other. There are even politicians who do find more money should be spent on the economy instead of providing health workers with the necessary protection.

We can only hope this pandemic is going to awaken many and bringing many changes to how we shall go to work and move around.
Fundamental shifts in the way we interact and live, in our interpersonal and business relationships, in the way we treat our families, each other, and ourselves, shall have to take place.
A few months ago most people took not the time to think about their way of life and how mankind played with mother nature. Since many weren’t able to find the time to get to meditate about our way of living, along comes this virus, which certain politicians still do not take seriously enough to take the necessary protection measures.

Where there is a lockdown, people now can find time to come back to themselves. It does not seem to be easy for many, to be confronted with so much time for themselves. But they shall have to rethink their lifestyle at the moment. CoViD-19 gives us all the time we need, forcing us into this shift = a shift, in our consciousness, our way of thinking and living, of learning, and loving.

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To remember

The guestwriter of today thinks the planet is trying to tell us something:

We are on the verge of a sixth mass extinction with species experiencing lights out at alarming rates and any potential for rebound numbering in the millions (!) of years.

  • we have created so much pollution with our lifestyles => climate has become inhospitable + CO2 levels reach critical mass in the next couple decades
  • an only money matters mentality
  • Do we believe in our government or do we think it will fail us?
  • spiritually bereft we ignore The Power of Now.
  • fundamental shift in way we interact + live > interpersonal + business relationships, way we treat our families, each other, + ourselves
  • use this time to think about what your hands can do that will benefit your better well-being + that of those around you.
  • things to tackle > free time => use it  >>  view less as isolation => more as a Roto-Rooter for the Soul =>work miracles in your life.
  • safe in your home = shelter-in-place => give thanks < homeless population > no shelter = among most vulnerable among us.
  • extra time
    • look at movies
    • do gardening
    • choose giving
    • Instead of loneliness > choose levity.
    • Stay connected.
    • Instead of solitude > institute “bring your dog or cat to work” day.
    • Enjoy the shorter commute.
    • Take time for walks.
    • Practice walking meditation > take some time to meditate on kind of world you would like to be living in when this is all over => first dream it into being
    • Exercise.
    • be kind.

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Preceding

CoViD-19 warnings

Anxiety Management During Pandemic Days~

Hope on the Horizon: Pandemic Anxiety Management II~

Pandemic Anxiety Busters~

Mel Brooks saying “go home” to Max Brooks

Christian Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic

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Find also to read

  1. 2014 Health and welfare
  2. 2015 Health and Welfare
  3. The unseen enemy
  4. Making deeper cuts than some terrorist attacks of the near past
  5. In denial, Donald Trump continues to insist that nothing serious is at hand and everything is in control
  6. India affected by Corona
  7. Using fears of the deadly coronavirus
  8. Europe in Chaos for a Pandemic

Green Life Blue Water

It’s been a hell of a few weeks and it looks like it will continue for a bit.  At the risk of sounding both blasé and alarmist at once, I think the planet is trying to tell us something.

We are on the verge of a sixth mass extinction with species experiencing lights out at alarming rates and any potential for rebound numbering in the millions (!) of years.

In the process, we have created so much pollution with our lifestyles that our climate has become inhospitable and our CO2 levels will reach critical mass in the next couple decades without a complete overhaul of how we do business.

We’ve gotten into an only money matters mentality, and the stock market’s precipitous weeks’ long plunge not only put a hurting on most people’s retirement funds but eroded faith in the economy.  That event may keep us working longer…

View original post 1,046 more words

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