When the United Nations voted on a partition plan for a Jewish State of Israel and Arab State of Palestine in 1947, it clearly marked a corpus separatum, a distinct international entity to hold Greater Bethlehem and Greater Jerusalem.
The Arab countries were not pleased with the UN proposal and rejected it. By May 1948 a military coalition of Arab states launched an attack on the new State of Israel.
Arab Legion soldier standing in ruins of the most sacred Synagogue, the “Hurva”, Old City.
10 months of fighting, interrupted by several truce periods, took place mostly on the former territory of the British Mandate and for a short time also in the Sinai Peninsula and southern Lebanon. At the end of the war Jordan illegally seized control of three-quarters of the corpus separatum including all of Greater Bethlehem and the eastern half of Jerusalem, in a move that the world did not recognize. Israel took control of Jaffa, Lydda and Ramle area, Galilee, some parts of the Negev, a wide strip along the Tel Aviv–Jerusalem road, western half of Greater Jerusalem and made it its capital and took some territories in the West Bank. Jordan expelled all of the Jews from the area it seized and granted all non-Jews Jordanian citizenship in an outrageous antisemitic act in 1954.
The Jordanians gave Jordanian citizenship to the Palestinians in the newly named “West Bank” and “East Jerusalem.” They would make no attempt to give them independence or sovereignty throughout their period of illegal control until 1967.
The world one moment thought that the third world war would have started, and as such classes were suddenly interrupted and lots of people went in front of the television screen to follow the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, which was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighbouring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.
Jordan (and the Palestinians who had Jordanian citizenship) who attacked Israel again subsequently lost all of the “West Bank” and Greater Bethlehem and eastern Jerusalem. Israel took control of the area, and expanded the borders of Jerusalem in 1980, declaring
“Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel.“
On September 27, 2018 the acting-President of the Palestinian Authority Mahmoud Abbas spoke to the United Nations General Assembly presenting it as if Jerusalem always was and should be the capital of the Palestinian state. Though he may forget that the Jordanians controlled the city and made no efforts to give it to Palestinians (from 1949 to 1967)
While Israel has permitted the Jordanian Waqf to have administrative responsibilities for Muslim holy sites in the Old City of Jerusalem (and no King Abdullah, Jordan has NO responsibility for Christian sites), the ownership, control and sovereignty of the city is Israel’s.
The world should remember that Jerusalem has never been a Palestinian capital and from old ancient times it was already declared to be the capital of the Hebrew people.
Please do find
Related First.One.Through articles:
- Ending Apartheid in Jerusalem
- The Arguments over Jerusalem
- 750 Years of Continuous Jewish Jerusalem
- Arabs in Jerusalem
- I call BS: You Never Recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s Capital
- Here in United Jerusalem’s Jubilee Year
- The Invisible Flag in Judo and Jerusalem
- The New York Times Inverts the History of Jerusalem
- Today’s Inverted Chanukah: The Holiday of Rights in Jerusalem and Judea and Samaria
- The Battle for Jerusalem
- “East Jerusalem” – the 0.5% Molehill
- Jerusalem, and a review of the sad state of divided capitals in the world
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- Judea and Samaria (Foo Fighters)
- The 1967 “Borders” (The Kinks)
- E1: The Battle for Jerusalem (The Who)
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