For centuries people looked for ways to enhance their life and to make it possible to live in a nice enjoyable environment.
Many wrote about the negativism and positivism and for sure the last word is not yet said.
Find in this historical overview on writings about Positivism:
- Positivism, or positive philosophy = a philosophical doctrine that denies any validity to metaphysics or speculation.
- works of English philosopher Francis Bacon (1561-1626), Anglo-Irish philosopher George Berkeley (1685-1753), and Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) contain basic tenets of positivism in an implicit form.
- French philosopher and social scientist Auguste Comte (1798-1857) developed coherent doctrine and is acknowledged founder of positivism.
- methods of science can give people knowledge of the laws of coexistence and succession of phenomena > they can never penetrate to inner essences of things.
- law of the development of human society because the predominant intellectual forms determine the character of society.
- cultural climate of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century > gave rise to a wave of optimism.
- positivism became a popular movement in the second part of the 19th century > accepted concept of infinity of nature and of history as well as of necessary and universal progress.
- affinities with other important philosophical movement of the 19th century, absolute idealism.
- belong in general range of romanticism
- Consciousness, cultural norms, intentionality and symbolic meaning are variously considered distinctive human attributes that dictate a methodological gulf between the study of human social life and natural science.
- American philosopher Thomas S. Kuhn (1922-1996) … marked break with positivism doctrines, along with the writings of Austrian-born philosopher of science Paul Feyerabend (1924-1994).
- kinds of positivism
= 1. social positivism
focuses on progress from a consideration of society and history
roots in fields of biology and physics.
science and knowledge in general only an instrument used by human organism to confront infinite mass of facts, or sensations, in such a way as to conserve itself. => function of science is economic and not contemplative or theoretical.
4. logical positivism
6. critical positivism
Please do find also:
- Helping words
- Spark of Positivism
- We all have to have dreams
- On Positivism
- Awards, prizes, Peace and Working together
Positivism, or positive philosophy, is a philosophical doctrine that denies any validity to metaphysics or speculation. It is sometimes associated with empiricism because it maintains that there is no answer to metaphysical questions and that scientific knowledge is the only knowledge. The works of English philosopher Francis Bacon (1561-1626), Anglo-Irish philosopher George Berkeley (1685-1753), and Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) contain the basic tenets of positivism in an implicit form. However, the term is specifically applied to the system of French philosopher and social scientist Auguste Comte (1798-1857), who developed the coherent doctrine and is the acknowledged founder of positivism.
According to positivists, while the methods of science can give people knowledge of the laws of coexistence and succession of phenomena, they can never penetrate to the inner essences of things. When the positive method is applied to the human world the result is a law of successive states through…
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